by adv

see by, prep.

  1. Near; alongside; along the same way.
  2. Onward; continuing forward; on its way.
  3. Past; finished; done with.
  4. Aside; apart; to the side; [fig.] there; in that place; in those circumstances.
  5. Coming towards, then going away from.
  6. Pass; travel through.
  7. Left over; to the side.
  8. Phrase. “Passer by”: person who walks along the same route; one who approaches and then goes on.
  9. Phrase. “By and by”: in due time; in the course of events.

by prep


  1. For; according to; in the opinion of.
  2. As much as; in the quantity of.
  3. Using; through means of.
  4. Because of; as a result of; [agent marker for passive constructions.]
  5. In accordance with; in conjunction with; as a result of; on the basis of.
  6. From the action of; with the agency of.
  7. In increments of.
  8. Employing; in use of.
  9. After; following in succession.
  10. Contiguous to; parallel with; in contrast with.
  11. Upon.
  12. In the course of; in the process of.
  13. Beside; near; next to; close to; in the proximity of.
  14. On; according to; as shown on.
  15. Along; through.
  16. In; during; at the time of.
  17. Phrase. “By way of/by means of”: through; using.
  18. Phrase. “By no means”: never; no way.
  19. Phrase. “By far”: easily; without question.